The National Education Policy 2020 aims to bring transformational reforms in school and higher education and thus shape India into a global knowledge superpower.
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the National Education Policy 2020 on July 29, 2020. This policy replaced the 34 year old National Policy on Education (NPE),1986.
Built on the foundational pillars of Access, Equity, Quality, Affordability and Accountability, this policy is aligned to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The National Education Policy (NEP) aims to transform India into a vibrant knowledge society and global knowledge superpower by making both school and college education more holistic, flexible, multidisciplinary, suited to 21st century needs and aimed at bringing out the unique capabilities of each student.
Important Highlights of National Education Policy 2020
- New Policy aims for Universalization of Education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % GER in school education by 2030.
- NEP 2020 will bring 2 crore out-of-school-children back into the mainstream.
- New 5+3+3+4 school curriculum with 12 years of schooling and 3 years of Anganwadi/ Pre-schooling.
- Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, no rigid separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools; Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships.
- Teaching up to at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/ regional language.
- Assessment reforms with 360-degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes.
- GER in higher education to be raised to 50 % by 2035; 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education.
- Higher Education curriculum to have Flexibility of Subjects.
- Multiple Entry / Exit to be allowed with appropriate certification.
- Academic Bank of Credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits.
- National Research Foundation to be established to foster a strong research culture.
- Light but Tight Regulation of Higher Education, single regulator with four separate verticals for different functions.
- Affiliation System to be phased out in 15 years with graded autonomy to colleges.
- NEP 2020 advocates increased use of technology with equity; National Educational Technology Forum to be created.
- NEP 2020 emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.
- New Policy promotes Multilingualism in both schools and HEs; National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit, Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up.