Bihar Current Affairs June 2021

LiDAR Survey for forest area released for Bihar and 9 other states
• Prakash Javadekar (Union Minister of Ministry of Environment,
Forest, and Climate Change) has recently released the LiDAR (Light
Detection and Ranging) Survey of forests in Bihar and 9 other states.
• The Survey has been done by WAPCOS Ltd (formerly known as
Water and Power Consultancy Services Limited) which is a PSU under

Ministry of Jal Shakti, Government in India at the cost of 18.38 crores for
26 states. The data for first 10 states has been released, the data for other
states will be released soon as well.
• This is the first time that this technology has been used for forest
survey in India.
• The other 9 states whose survey has been released are Assam,
Chhattisgarh, Goa, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura,
Nagaland, Maharashtra.
• This survey will aid the officials in identifying areas that require
groundwater recharge, also, it will help in proper supply of fodder and
water in the forest areas which will lead to reduction in Human-Animal
conflict situations.
About Bihar:
Chief Minister: Nitish Kumar
Governor: Phagu Chauhan
State Tree: Peepal
Two new Government schemes announced in Bihar to promote
entrepreneurship among Youth and Women
The Chief Minister of Bihar, Nitish Kumar has virtually released two new
schemes to promote entrepreneurship among women and youth. The
two schemes are Mukhyamantri Mahila Udyami Yojna (MMUY),
Mukhyamantri Yuva Udyami Yojna (MYUY).
Mukhyamantri Mahila Udyami Yojna (MMUY)
• Under this scheme an unemployed woman in Bihar state will be
provided Rs 10 Lakh to start a new venture in the form of business or
small Industry.
• Of the 10 Lakh rupees 5 lakh will be provided as subsidy, meaning
that this amount does not need to be returned by the woman taking the
loan. The rest 5 lakh rupees will be an interest free loan which needs to
be returned over a period of time.
Mukhyamantri Yuva Udyami Yojna (MYUY)
• Under Mukhyamantri Yuva Udyami Yojna, Youths in the state will
be provided with a loan of Rs 10 Lakh, similar to the Mukhyamantri

Mahila Udyami Yojna (MMUY), to open a small business and venture into
entrepreneurship.
• Under Mukhyamantri Yuva Udyami Yojna the Rs 10 lakh loan
amount will provided in two halves, The first 5 lakh will be a subsidy
similar to the Mukhyamantri Mahila Udyami Yojna (MMUY), while the
other 5 lakh rupees will be a low interest loan (1% interest will be
charged), which shall be repaid by the individual in multiple long term
instalments.
Note: These schemes will help the broken economy after the pandemic
to recover in the state, as well as it will provide a great opportunity to the
youth and women of the Bihar State to begin entrepreneurship, where
initial capital prevents them from doing so.
130.1 MW Dagmara Hydroelectric Power Project in Supaul district of
Bihar
• NHPC (National Hydroelectric Power Corporation) and BSHPC
(Bihar State Hydroelectric Power Corporation have signed an agreement
to implement the 130.1 MW Dagmara Hydroelectric Power Project on
Kosi river in supaul district of Bihar.
• The project will be developed by NHPC (National Hydroelectric
Power Corporation) under ownership model.
• The MoU has been signed virtually by NHPC director(projects),
Biswajit Basu and BSHPC managing director Alok Kumar.
• The Bihar government will provide a grant of Rs 700 Crores for the
capital expenditures on the hydroelectric power project.
• NHPC is a Mini Ratna PSU which is also the largest hydroelectricity
development organization in the country.
Bihar among the least prepared states to achieve SDG targets by
2030, State of India’s Environment Report, 2021
• Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has released the State
of India’s Environment Report, 2021. India’s rank has dropped two places
from previous year, from 115 to 117. The report also states that India is now
ranked below four south Asian countries: Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and
Bangladesh.
• Among the states, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh have
been ranked the best performers who are most likely to achieve the SDG
targets. While Bihar and Jharkhand were the least prepared states to
achieve the SDG targets by 2030. Both the states have lagged in SDG 5
and 7 out of 17 SDG’s.
Centre for Science and Environment:
Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public interest research
and advocacy organisation based in New Delhi. CSE researches into,
lobbies for and communicates the urgency of development that is both
sustainable and equitable.
Founder Director: Anil Kumar Agarwal
Director General: Sunita Narayan
NITI Ayog’s SDG India Index 2020-21
• Niti Ayog (National Institution for Transforming India) has released
the third edition of SDG India Index Report for 2020-21. It was launched
by NITI Ayog Vice Chairman Rajiv Kumar.
• The report is titled: “SDG India Index and Dashboard 2020-21:
Partnerships in the decade of Action”.
• The index has been designed and developed by NITI Ayog in
collaboration with Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation
and various UN Agencies in India.
State Rankings:
Kerala has kept its position as the best performer, while Bihar has been
adjudged the worst performer in the states.
Union Territories:
Chandigarh has ranked highest among the union territories followed by
Delhi, Puducherry. Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu has been
ranked worst performer in the union territories.

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